We’d be looking at the advantages and disadvantages of university education in this article at World Scholars Hub to help you get a clear understand what the pros and cons of the modern education system are in the world today.
It is right to say that education is really beneficial and must be taken seriously. It’s also right to note that nothing is completely perfect, as anything with an advantage comes with it’s own disadvantages as well which maybe too much or little to ignore.
We’d start this article by bringing you the advantages of university education after which we’d look at some of it’s disadvantages. Let’s go on shall we..
Advantages and Disadvantages of University Education
We’d list out the advantages after which we’d go on to the disadvantages.
Advantages of University Education
Below are the advantages of university education:
1. Human Development
The role of university education on human development is comprehensive.
The impact of social education and family education on human growth is somewhat contingent, and the scope of the impact is often only focused on certain aspects. University education is an activity for cultivating people in an all-round way.
It should not only care about the growth of the knowledge and intelligence of the educational object, but also care about the formation of students’ ideological and moral character, and also care about the healthy growth of the educated. It is the unique duty of school education to cultivate and shape a comprehensive and complete social person. And this responsibility can only be undertaken by school education.
2. University Education is Well Organised
One of the aim of education is to have influence on people’s purpose, organisation and planning. University education embodies all the characteristics of education.
The purpose and planning of university education are embodied in rigorous organization. It is right to note that university education is institutionalized education and has a strict organizational structure and system.
From a macro point of view, the school has a variety of systems at various levels; from a micro point of view, there are dedicated leadership positions and education and teaching organizations within the school, which specialize in ideology, politics, teaching, and general logistics, Cultural and sports activities and other specialized organizations, as well as a series of rigorous education and teaching systems, and so on, are not available in the form of social education and family education.
3. Provides Systematic Content
To meet the needs of fostering a comprehensive and complete society, the content of university education pays special attention to internal continuity and systemicity.
Social education and family education are generally fragmented in educational content. Even planned social education is often staged, and its knowledge as a whole is also fragmented. university education not only pays attention to the knowledge system, but also conforms to the laws of cognition.
Therefore, education is systematic and complete. The completeness and systematicness of educational content is an important feature of school education.
4. Provides an Effective Means of Education
Universities has complete educational facilities and special teaching equipment for education, such as visual teaching aids such as audio-visual film and television, experimental practice bases, etc., which are all effective means of school education. These are the indispensable material conditions to ensure the smooth progress of teaching, which cannot be fully provided by social education and family education.
5. Specialized Functions which includes Training People
The university education function is to train people, and university is a place to do just that. The special characteristics of university education are mainly manifested in the specificity of tasks. The only mission of the school is to train people, and other tasks are achieved around training people.
In university education, there are specialized educators—teachers who are trained and brought in through strict selection and specialized training.
Such educators not only have extensive knowledge and high moral character, but also understand the laws of education and master effective education methods. University education also has special education and teaching equipment, and has special education means. All this fully guarantees the effectiveness of University education.
6. Provides Stability
The form of university education is relatively stable.
Universities has stable educational places, stable educators, stable educational objects and stable educational content, as well as stable educational order and so on. This kind of stability in universities is very conducive to personal development.
Of course, stability is relative, and it must have corresponding reforms and changes. Stability is not rigid. If we regard relative stability as sticking to the rules and rigidity, it will inevitably go to the opposite side.
Disadvantages of University Education
The disadvantages of university education bring the following adverse effects to the younger generation:
1. Feeling Dull
The narrow educational goals, the complexity of educational content, and fierce academic competition force students to think about study, exams, grades, and rankings every day, and often they are either incapable of taking care of or ignoring everything around them. Such accumulation will inevitably make them indifferent to things that have nothing to do with learning, and cause numbness and inactivation of feelings.
2. Increasing Diseases
Diseases are mainly caused by mental imbalance, reduced exercise, and monotony of activities. Facing the tremendous pressure of studying and entering higher education, students often feel nervous, depressed, and even fearful, which can lead to functional and organic diseases such as insomnia, headaches, anxiety, depression, and decreased immunity. The strange diseases such as “Sensing Syndrome” and “Attention Deficit Syndrome” discovered by experts in recent years are also directly related to the huge learning pressure of students.
3. Distorted Personality
Education has always claimed to cultivate people, but in fact, in the educational model constructed by mechanical drills and forcible indoctrination, students’ originally lively and lovely personalities are fragmented and eroded, and their different personalities are ignored and suppressed. Uniformity and one-sidedness have become the inevitable result of this model. These conditions, coupled with the increasing prevalence of only-children, will result in varying degrees of isolation, selfishness, autism, pride, inferiority, depression, cowardice, emotional indifference, excessive words and deeds, fragile will, and gender inversion among students. Distorted and unsound personality.
4. Weak Abilities
Education is meant to promote the all-round development of adults, to enable people to develop balanced, harmonious, and freely all aspects of abilities.
However, our education has abnormally developed some of the students’ abilities, while disregarding many other abilities. Not to mention the relatively poor self-care ability, psychological self-control ability, and survival adaptability of students, it is the ability to collect and process information related to learning, the ability to discover and acquire new knowledge, the ability to analyze and solve problems, the ability to communicate and communicate. The ability to cooperate has not been effectively cultivated.
Many students who have been educated have gradually become a generation who can’t live, have no passion, and can’t create.
To get university education doesn’t come so cheap. It is pertinent to note that one of the troubles students face in the university is the tuition cost and the living cost.
Getting quality education means more money and as a result, most students have to take up as many jobs as possible in other to take care of their study expenses.
University education can be really expensive but going to university is worth the cost in so many ways. With the shift in focus to the expenses involved in getting a university education, many students loose focus on their academics and tend to overwork themselves in order to meet up with the financial demands of the university.
We hope that with this article, you’re able to understand the advantages and disadvantages of university education on students. Feel free to use the comment section to share your thoughts or contribute to the information already provided.